How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
This score is built by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history of all of your loans: mortgages, car loans, credit cards, and others.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors to build a score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- Payment History - Have you paid more than 30 days late, and how often?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most borrowers getting a mortgage loan have a score above 620.
Your credit score affects your interest rate
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your FICO score
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Because the FICO score is based on your lifelong credit history, it's difficult to change it quickly. You must, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect data from your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Know your FICO score
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to know your score and ensure that the credit reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us at (808) 935-0678.